Varsity Press, Inc. Peat moss consists of the remains of aquatic, marsh, or bog vegetation that have been preserved under water in a partially decomposed state. Scrape the newly bared ring to remove the cambial tissue in order to prevent callus from forming. With experience, you will learn to determine what works best for you. This period may range from 4 to 12 weeks prior to transplanting, depending upon the speed of germination, the rate of growth, and the cultural conditions provided. Bend the stem to the ground. This method is usually used indoors or in a hotbed. If these seeds are broadcast, strive for a uniform stand by sowing half the seeds in one direction, then sowing the other way with the remaining seed in a crossing pattern. Phillips, Harry R. Divisions of some outdoor plants should be dusted with a fungicide before they are replanted. Reduce humidity gradually until plants can survive in less humid conditions. Hardening is most critical with early crops, when adverse climatic conditions can be expected. Make a straight top cut. Air layering. Figure 13—7. Monocots such as corn produce only one cotyledon; dicots like beans produce two cotyledons Figure 13—2.